What is Carnitor?
Carnitor-500 (Levocarnitine) has the following therapeutic effects: anabolic, antihypoxic, antithyroid, stimulation, and regenerating. It is an amino acid which is classified as one of the B vitamins and is sometimes referred to as the "growth vitamin", because it catalyzes carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. This chemical compound can affect most metabolic reactions.
Carnitor stimulates the catabolism (breakdown) of fat tissue. It stimulates the transportation of fatty acids through mitochondrial membranes and the utilization of long-chain molecules of palmitic and other acids.
Carnitor modifies carbohydrate metabolism, pushing glucose from the receptors and activating anaerobic ways of synthesizing carbohydrates and generating energy. This fact explains its antihypoxic action, so it is used to eliminate the impacts of craniocerebral injuries, as well as in the acute phase of heart attack and some other critical conditions.
Carnitor has an anabolic effect on protein metabolism (i.e. accelerates the synthesis and slows down the breakdown). Therefore, it is often used by athletes in their practice, especially when gaining muscle and in the pre-contest period.
Bulking and cutting muscle are not the only reasons to use Carnitor (Levocarnitine) in sports. It is medically confirmed that the exercise tolerance grows, which in turn boosts the endurance and facilitates speedy recovery from the exercise-induced acidosis - pain in muscles after hard trainings.
Carnitor mildly depresses nervous system. It stimulates neurotrophic processes, slows down neurodegeneration processes, which is especially important in case of craniocerebral injuries and cerebrovascular insufficiency.
When administering Carnitor (Levocarnitine) by mouth, it is rapidly absorbed from the intestine. The active ingredient plasma level reaches its peak in about 3 hours after administration. The highest amount of the active ingredient is detected in liver and heart muscle. It is mostly excreted with urine in the form of inactive metabolites.
Carnitor (Levocarnitine) can be used in the following cases:
- Cardiogenic shock
- Chronic kidney disease
- Coronary heart disease and heart attack
- Liver disease
- Physical exhaustion
- Posttraumatic encephalopathy
- Resolving the consequences of the birth injury in newborns
- Secondary Levocarnitine deficiency
- Weight deficit in teenagers
The need for Carnitor (Levocarnitine) has to be defined by a medical specialist. It is unsafe to use it without proper medical supervision.
How is Carnitor used?
To reduce irritating effect on the intestines, it is recommended to take Carnitor (Levocarnitine) after a meal with a glass of water, juice, or other beverage. The effective dose may vary significantly and may range from 250 to 500mg, taken 2 to 3 times daily. The specific required dose can only be defined by a medical specialist.
Oral Carnitor (Levocarnitine) may cause dyspeptic disorders, such as: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and flatulence, among other symptoms. Additionally, allergic reactions may develop, such as skin rash, itching, and peeling.
Long-term administration of Carnitor (Levocarnitine) in high doses may lead to the opposite from the expected effect - apathy, depression, muscle weakness, and low spirits.
Carnitor (Levocarnitine) is only contraindicated to patients with intolerance to the active component of the drug. There are no other known contraindications.
The treatment of the diseases with Carnitor (Levocarnitine) has to be prescribed and monitored by the experienced medical specialist, with access to the patient's instrumental and laboratory test results.