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What is Captopril?
Captopril belongs to a class of medication called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. The medication works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels to allow easier blood flow and the heart to pump blood more efficiently. It is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) which can help prevent strokes, heart attacks and kidney problems. Some people may also use it to treat congestive heart failure, kidney problems caused by diabetes and to improve survival after a heart attack.
How is Captopril used?
Captopril is usually taken orally 2 to 3 times per day or as directed by a doctor. The medication should be taken on an empty stomach, 1 hour prior to or 2 hours after a meal, along with a full glass of water. Contact a doctor for the correct dosage and length of treatment as it will depend on the patientís condition and their response to the medication. Do not discontinue the medication without consulting a doctor, even if you feel well, as there are usually no visible symptoms of hypertension. It can be used to treat high blood pressure but cannot be used to cure it.
Patients using Captopril may encounter unwanted side effects such as:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Loss of taste or appetite
- Mouth sores
- Dry mouth
- Hair loss
Contact a doctor immediately should side effects persist or encounter more severe side effects such as:
- Sleeping disorders
- Irregular heartbeat
- High potassium blood level
- Signs of infection
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing
Immediately proceed to your nearest emergency department if you suffer an allergic reaction. Symptoms usually associated with such a reaction include difficulty breathing or swallowing, chest tightness, swelling, skin rashes, and hives.
Captopril is not always suitable for all patients. Always consult your health care provider prior to using this medication if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to conceive, using any other medication (prescription or non-prescription), using any herbal products or supplements, or if you have any allergies or other health problems.
The correct dosage and prescription commonly depend on the patient and the condition being treated. Do not adjust your dosage without the approval of your health care provider. This product is only for use as prescribed and instructed.