What is TMP?
TMP containing the active ingredient trimethoprim is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. The medication works by preventing the production of folate to prohibit bacteria from reproducing and allowing the immune system to kill the bacteria. It is mainly prescribed to treat urinary tract infections (UTI). Some people may also use it to treat other bacterial infections such as bronchitis or pneumonia. It can be used to treat bacterial infections but cannot be used to treat viral infections such as the flu or common cold.
How is TMP used?
TMP is usually taken orally 1 to 2 times per day or as otherwise directed by a doctor. The tablets can be taken with or without food but should be taken with a full glass of water. Contact a doctor for the correct dosage and length of treatment as it will depend on the patient's condition and their response to the therapy. Do not discontinue the medication until the fully prescribed dosage is complete as abruptly stopping the treatment can allow the infection to return and cause the bacteria to become harder to treat.
Patients using TMP may cause unwanted side effects such as:
- Upset stomach
- Sore or swollen tongue
- Mental or mood changes
- New signs of infection
Contact a doctor immediately should side effects persist or worsen.
Immediately proceed to your nearest emergency department if you suffer an allergic reaction. Symptoms usually associated with such a reaction include difficulty breathing or swallowing, chest tightness, swelling, skin rashes, and hives.
TMP is not always suitable for all patients. Always consult your health care provider prior to using this medication if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to conceive, using any other medication (prescription or non-prescription), using any herbal products or supplements, or if you have any allergies or other health problems.
The correct dosage and prescription commonly depend on the patient and the condition being treated. Do not adjust your dosage without the approval of your health care provider. This product is only for use as prescribed and instructed.